Once considered a childhood condition attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder ADHD is now acknowledged as a condition that can last a lifetime. It is estimated that around 4% of the adult population between the ages of 18 and 44 have ADHD, accounting for around ten million adults in the United States alone.
While the symptoms of ADHD can lead to a disordered life with the inability to concentrate or to organise, some people have overcome the challenges and have become very successful in their chosen field. Many of them even argue that the positive aspects of ADHD outweigh the negatives. The advantages of ADHD include creativity, the willingness to take risks, and high energy levels.
Though people with ADHD may find concentrating difficult, when they find something that interests them, they are able to focus on that task to the exclusion of all else. This is called hyperfocus.
From this perspective, it is easy to see how many powerful people have managed to harness the positive aspects of ADHD and become remarkably successful at what they do.
From entrepreneurs to celebrities and sports superstars many of these people have risen to the top of their game and have become household names along the way.
In 1998 Will Smith revealed to the Rolling Stone magazine that he had been diagnosed with ADHD as a child and said that it had impacted on his results at school. This has, however, never held the actor back.
Will Smith started his working career as a rapper who quickly rose to success as an actor. He went on to win four Grammy Awards and two Academy Awards. In 2007 Newsweek named him the “Most Powerful Actor in Hollywood”.
Like many with ADHD, model, singer and award-winning actor Channing Tatum, also has dyslexia. He received medication quite young but contends that schools are really not properly equipped to deal with children who have learning problems. He, was at one stage put into a special class with autistic and Down’s syndrome children and found it difficult to progress in these circumstances.
To channel his energy his parents enrolled him into several sports such as baseball and football. He developed a deep passion for football, winning a scholarship to college for performance on the football field. He later dropped out of college, but found an interest in the arts and acting, kick-starting his career.
Jim Carrey, the Canadian born comedian and energetic slapstick actor, has long used his celebrity status to draw attention to ADHD. He has used medication since a child. Carrey uses the condition to his advantage drawing inspiration from the creative and energetic aspects of ADHD.
Carrey did his first comedic show when he was just fifteen. He got his first Golden Globe for best actor in a Motion Picture Drama for the Truman Show. He got a second the following year.
In earnings, he is one of the top 25 actors of all time. In recent years he has taken up drawing and painting, publishing some controversial political works.
Twice named one of the Top 100 Most Influential People, Justin Timberlake has become a household name as a singer, songwriter and actor. His fame comes despite the fact that he has both ADHD and OCD.
While still a teenager he rose to fame as one of the lead singers of NSYNC. He won his first two Grammy Awards in 2002 when he was just 21. He went on to receive dozens of awards over his career. In 2017 he was voted number 5 as the Billboard’s “Greatest of All Time Pop Star Artists”.
Well-known actress, Michelle Rodriguez, admitted in 2006 that she has ADHD. The Fast and Furious actor has chosen not to use medication for the condition. She does, however, worry about her inability to concentrate and is concerned that her disordered thinking could have a negative effect on her career.
So far. it looks like there is no stopping her as she has worked in several movies and TV series and is the voice behind a number of video games.
61-year-old Howie Mandel, comedian and Host of America’s Got Talent has both ADHD and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. OCD is a condition that causes unwanted thoughts and compulsively repetitive actions or rituals. These actions often revolve around the need to clean, check or count things. Mandel is obsessed with germs, developing a signature fist bump rather than shaking hands.
Mandel dropped out of high school without finishing as he found it difficult to concentrate. He says he spent more time in the principal’s office than he did in the classroom. For him, coping with ADHD was a daily battle. Today he takes medication to alleviate the symptoms.
He is a celebrity spokesperson for both ADHD and OCD. He says that he impulsively revealed his OCD on national television and then regretted it. The response to his impulsive confession was immediate and positive, making him realise that he was not alone.
He describes his first stage appearance in a Lifescript interview
“The first time I got on stage at a comedy club was the first time I ever heard laughter for me and I was enveloped in a very comfortable place. That exact same behavior got me thrown out of school.”
His book “Here’s the Deal, Don’t Touch Me” covers his battle with ADHD and OCD
Home improvement specialist and former Extreme Makeover host, Ty Pennington, was only diagnosed with ADHD in college. While at school he was always in trouble as he caused constant disruptions in the classroom. He could never remember the contents of any of the books that he read. As a result, his grades were not good.
Pennington says that ADHD had a negative impact on his self-confidence and his belief in himself. He could, however, draw confidence from his creativity.
He took up carpentry and went to art school to harness his creativity and use up his excess energy. He has never looked back. He designs glassware, bedding and plates for Sears. He has won an Emmy Award for Extreme Makeover. He produces his own brand of furniture called ADHD Art Design Home Decor and writes regularly for Enjoy Magazine.
Pennington has used therapy and medication to overcome the worst symptoms.
Songwriter and frontman for Maroon 5, Adam Levine, was diagnosed with ADHD as a teenager. For him, the diagnosis was a great relief, as he now knew exactly why he had some of the problems that he did. The diagnosis led to medication which he took during his teenage years.
As an adult, he found that he was still battling to concentrate when writing songs and has since sought treatment once again.
He is passionate about helping others with the condition. This is why he launched the “Own It” campaign in 2011. The campaign seeks to increase awareness of ADHD and to help ADHD adults and children to learn to cope with the symptoms.
“ADHD can be complex. As a child, I didn’t really know what I was dealing with. As an adult, I have learned how to manage and even accept my symptoms,” he said.
The frontman of Panic at the Disco, one of the world’s most popular rock bands, Brendon Urie, says that from the day he went to school his teachers had a problem controlling him. His mother was frequently called in to find out what was wrong with him.
Finally, at the age of thirteen, he was diagnosed with severe ADHD. He was medicated for a year but he says that it numbed him so badly that he stopped taking the meds. He is a talented singer, songwriter and musician, playing a number of musical instruments.
Singing superstar, actress, author and model Cher has been singing professionally for more than fifty years. Yet Cher, the Goddess of Pop, has ADHD, dyslexia and dyscalculia. Understanding the condition and the problems that it caused her, the Oscar-winning actress is now an advocate for the rights of children with learning disabilities.
Cher explains that she had to learn everything by memory because her reading was painfully slow and math looked like” Sanskrit”. Cher was diagnosed as an adult when she sought help for her son who also had reading difficulties.
Cher’s career has been truly remarkable. She is the only artist to have had a number one single on the Billboard charts in six decades. She has sold more than 100 million albums and has won an Academy Award for acting and dozens of other awards.
One of the best actors of all times, Dustin Hoffman, has ADHD but over time has learnt to control the symptoms. Hoffman enrolled in medical school after finishing college but dropped out to take up acting. He enrolled at the Pasadena Playhouse where he met lifelong friend Gene Hackman.
For years Hoffman did not have much luck in the field of acting. Then, at the age of thirty, he was offered the lead in “The Graduate” a role for which he received an Academy Award nomination. He has gone on to receive almost every major acting award available for screen acting since.
English actress and model, Emma Watson never speaks about living with ADHD. This is despite the fact that she has been on medication for the disorder for most of her life.
Watson landed her first professional acting role in the Harry Potter series where she played Hermione. She received straight A’s in her GCSE’s and completed her Bachelor’s degree in 2014. She is the recipient of more than a dozen awards for excellence in her field.
Jack Nicholson has a successful acting career that has spanned sixty years. He did not get off to a good start. He has said that he spent every day of one year in detention. He was the class clown. He managed decent grades but, despite receiving a scholarship, he chose not to go to college.
He moved to Hollywood instead. He is credited with being one of the greatest actors of his generation. He has had more Oscar nominations than any other actor, winning two of the twelve for which he was nominated.
Joan Rivers was best known as one of America’s most successful comedians, with the Rolling Stone selecting her as the sixth Best Stand-up Comedians of all time. She was also a writer, producer and award-winning television host.
Rivers remained active on television into old age performing live until her death in her eighties. She has written twelve books, one of which “Diary of a Mad Diva” was posthumously awarded a Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album.
Award-winning actor, Sylvester Stallone, was such a difficult child that he was thrown out of seventeen schools by the time he was sixteen. His mother is on record as saying that she thought that he would spend the rest of his life in jail.
He is well known for his Rambo and Rocky series of films. He is only the third person ever to have been nominated for Academy Awards for Best Original Screenplay and Best Actor for the same film – Rocky.
Steven Tyler, the lead singer of Aerosmith, believes that he has ADHD. He finds it difficult to focus on anything for very long and describes his thoughts as racing through his brain. The members of Aerosmith point out that he is very demanding and that he can be quite rude and difficult to approach.
Notwithstanding his creativity and high energy performances have helped him to a successful career that has spanned more than forty years. His biography, “Does the Noise in my Head Bother You?”, completed in 2011, reached number 2 on the New York Best Seller’s List.
Research has shown that ADHD is an inherited condition so it should come as no surprise that one of Steven Tyler’s children, Liv Tyler, also has the condition. She was diagnosed as a child and has been taking medication ever since.
Liv Tyler started modelling at the age of fourteen before her acting career took off. She has also continued business relationships with Givenchy and Triumph for which she is the brand ambassador.
Britney Spears broke into the music industry in the 1990s, quickly becoming the biggest teenage singing star of all time. She had sold more than 37 million albums before she turned twenty. She is credited with reigniting teen pop.
Her music has inspired other great singers such as Lady Gaga, Katy Perry and Miley Cyrus. She is involved in several successful commercial ventures and has set up a foundation that looks after needy children. Spears has however suffered from much-publicized mental health issues which included ADHD for which she was medicated as a child.
Award-winning actor, screenwriter and comedian, Vince Vaughn, has ADHD. He is very vocal in his disagreement with the idea of medicating children with the disorder. He believes that children are medicated to numb them into compliance, making them easier to manage. He is eternally grateful to his father who refused to allow the doctors to medicate him when he was diagnosed. He completed high school and then went on to Hollywood.
Will i am
Winner of seven Grammy Awards and the longest-serving judge on the Voice, Will i am was diagnosed with severe ADHD as a young child. His mother resisted medicating him.
Today he himself advocates against medicating children with the condition. It is his belief that people medicate children because they are too lazy to deal with them. Children with ADHD require a good deal of patience.
In his view, drugs dampen the potential of ADHD children. He attributes his success as a musician to the creative ADHD which he sees as a blessing.
Rich and famous Whoopi Goldberg had to contend not only with ADHD but dyslexia as well. At school, the children called her dumb. She dropped out of high school when she was seventeen suffering from low self-esteem.
Despite early difficulties, she went on to become a highly acclaimed comedian and actress. She is one of only a few people to have won an Emmy, a Grammy, a Tony and an Academy Award. She attributes her success to thinking differently.
Having delved into drugs herself at an early age, Goldberg understands that young people with learning disabilities could end up self-medicating and so she has become an advocate for awareness of learning disabilities
Jamie Oliver, chef and television star, was diagnosed with ADHD and dyslexia as a child. He is on record as saying that he manages his symptoms through nutrition. He now helps children by designing nutritional meals for grade school lunches. He makes meal plans that exclude unhealthy additives as a measure for keeping the children focused.
He spreads awareness among children about the importance of eating properly. He says that he deeply regrets his poor school results and believes he could have done better if someone was around to help him.
James Carville, the political analyst and commentator helped Bill Clinton to win the presidency in 1992. He was diagnosed with ADHD as an adult. He initially dropped out of college but returned to university, eventually completing two degrees. He was a guest at the Children and Adults with Attention/ Hyperactivity Disorder CHADD 20th anniversary Hall of Fame Celebrations.
Ryan Gosling was a disruptive child who was bullied at school. Eventually, his mother decided to home school him for a while. Like many others with ADHD, he eventually dropped out of high school. When he was young, he and his sister would perform and sing at family functions which boosted his confidence since he says that this was the only time that he received praise.
Despite his dismal school career, Gosling is a talented actor who debuted on the Disney Channel at the age of twelve. In 2006 he won a Golden Globe Award for best actor in a Motion Picture for La La Land. Gosling is also an accomplished musician, able to sing and play several musical instruments. He co-owns a Moroccan restaurant in Beverley Hills.
Singer and actress, Solange Knowles, says that erratic behavior and spontaneous outbursts had some of her fans thinking that she may be on drugs. She sought help, and was diagnosed, not once, but twice with ADHD. Since accepting her diagnosis, Knowles has been very vocal about her condition, using her high-profile position to educate others about overcoming the symptoms of the disorder.
Founder of the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, Mariette Hartley is an accomplished actress who has starred in movies from Star Trek to Twilight Zone. She received an Emmy Award for her performance in the Incredible Hulk.
Hartley has fought a duel battle with ADHD and bipolar disorder, both of which were diagnosed when she was middle-aged and had battled the symptoms for decades. She started a course of medication and therapy. This helped to pick her up from a period of severe depression. In recent years she has begun hosting videos to help adults to overcome the symptoms of ADHD.
Pulitzer Prize-winning foreign correspondent, Katherine Ellison worked for the Ridder from 1984 to 1999 where she was an investigative journalist. She and her son Buzz were both diagnosed with ADHD when she was 48.
She has documented her difficult relationship with her son in the book “Buzz; A Year of Paying Attention” She is an International speaker covering mostly subjects on environmental conservation and ADHD.
Singer, actress, writer and businesswoman, Zooey Deschanel also has ADHD. She says that she takes up easy crafts to get her mind focused.
She dropped out of University to pursue a career in the performing arts. She has never looked back from a career where she acts and sings. Not only is she the lead actress in “New Girl” she is part of the successful musical duo She and Him and she recently sold off her online business HelloGiggles for around $30 million. She has been nominated for a number of awards over the years and has won two.
Entrepreneurs and innovators
A Brazilian American millionaire and founder of four commercial airlines, David Neeleman co-founded Morris Air at the age of 25. He is now one of the most successful airline entrepreneurs in the world.
Neeleman found out that he had ADHD in his thirties and believes that ADHD helped him on the way to success as it made him think creatively. He chooses to manage the symptoms of the disorder without medication and maintains that the creativity and risk-taking side of ADHD offset the negative aspects of the condition.
Paul Orfalea, the founder of Kinkos, had both ADHD and dyslexia as a child. He has written on his website “Because I couldn’t read, I learned from direct experience,”. He contends that his need to wander led him to travel from one store to another and this, in turn, inspired him with new ideas, allowing him to expand his business.
He chooses not to medicate as he believes that the creativity and risk-taking abilities which are part of ADHD help him with his business decisions.
Ingvar Kamprad, the founder of IKEA, one of the biggest furniture manufacturers in the world, had both ADHD and dyslexia. One of the iconic features of Ikea furniture is that each piece has a Swedish name. The reason – Kamprad could not read the numbers previously used to identify the furniture, so he gave each new item a unique name.
Large pieces of furniture have names of places, garden furniture was named after islands and desks and chairs were given men’s names. The founder’s dyslexia had created a unique feature for the product.
Dean Karmen is one of the most prolific inventors in the US with over 440 patents and yet he failed to complete high school. Famous for inventing Segway, an upright human transporter, he also invented the Autosyringe which delivers medication accurately and automatically 24/7. The Stirling hybrid automobile engine and a water filter for underdeveloped countries are two more of his inventions.
He has won several awards for innovation and technology and has been admitted to the American Inventors Hall of Fame.
Richard Branson overcame dyslexia and ADHD to become one of the most recognizable businessmen on the planet.
He sees the differences wrought by the conditions as strengths. He started his first company at 16 after dropping out of school. He has never looked back. His company the Virgin group owns more than 400 companies in over thirty countries. He has ventured into music, airlines, space travel and recently shipping. Yet he says that he had “no understanding of schoolwork whatsoever”.
Founder of Apple, Chairman of Pixar and CEO of NeXT, Steve Jobs was an extraordinary businessman and visionary innovator. He changed the way that the world communicated, offered us music on tap and changed the way that movies were animated.
He was never diagnosed with ADHD but he shows many of the characteristics of people with the condition. He was not easy to get along with. He was demanding and a perfectionist. This was one of the reasons that he was removed from the company that he co-founded. He was totally focused on the things that interested him, but he dropped out of college because he wasn’t interested in what he was being taught.
Steve Jobs has received a number of prestigious awards for business and innovation. Fortune magazine named him the most powerful person in business in 2007.
Considered by many to be the greatest theoretical physicist ever to have lived, Albert Einstein, was a brilliant thinker but was often disorganized and easily distracted.
He was always a bit of a daydreamer. He didn’t speak until he was four years old or read until he was seven. He was expelled from school. His brilliant ideas can no doubt be attributed to the positive aspects of ADHD, including the ability to hyper focus and think out of the box.
Walt Disney is widely believed to have had ADHD. A creative thinker with risk-taking tendencies, he dropped out of school at the age of sixteen. He used his passion for drawing and art to build a film empire that still exists today. He started his own business in 1920 and proceeded to bring us the animated characters that are still loved by children around the world today.
One of the wealthiest people on earth was always in trouble at school. He eventually dropped out of Harvard because he was battling with the curriculum. Gates wrote his first computer program when he was thirteen. He is the co-founder of the world’s biggest software company.
He is one of the greatest philanthropists on earth and has contributed millions of dollars to charity. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is the biggest private charitable institution in the world.
Ed Hallowell was diagnosed with ADHD and dyslexia when he was in Grade 1. He is a Harvard Psychiatrist and bestselling author. He has dedicated his life teaching ADHD children and their parents how to cope and succeed by managing the symptoms of ADHD.
According to Hallowell for a person suffering from ADHD, anything boring can feel like a medical emergency. His book “Driven to Distraction”, written in 1994, became an international bestseller.
Athletes / Sportspeople
Michael Phelps was diagnosed with ADHD at age 9. Phelps struggled through school. Reading and assignments left him cold. He channelled his energy into his passion – swimming. He learned to stick to routine through the rigid swimming practice that was required of him. With 28 Olympic medals, fourteen of them gold, he is the most decorated Olympic winner ever.
The Ukrainian, Karina Smirnoff, is a professional dancer, 5-time US national champion, a world trophy champion and Dancing with the Stars performer. She was diagnosed with ADHD as an adult. She takes medication and employs organisational strategies to help her to cope with the symptoms. She openly discusses her experiences with the aim of encouraging adults with ADHD to seek medical assistance. Smirnoff has a degree in IT and economics from Fordham University.
Cammi Granato, Captain of the US women’s ice hockey team led her team to gold at the 1998 Nagano Olympics in Japan. She was awarded the USA Woman Player of the Year in 1996. She has scored more goals than any other woman in US hockey history.
Granato says that ADHD helped her to achieve the sporting levels that she did. She concedes that her day to day routine and her household responsibilities are often chaotic. In an interview with the Saint Louisville Post-Dispatch in 2005, she described her ADHD as “really my worst and best qualities in one.”
Britain’s greatest gymnast, the only one to win medals in three separate Olympic games, Louis Smith became the European champion on Pommel horse at the 2006 Commonwealth Games.
He was diagnosed with ADHD at the age of three. He took medication during his early childhood. As a child, his mother would take him to the gym every day to help him to work off the excess energy. Today he helps children with ADHD to “follow their dreams”.
Olympic Gold medal Canadian rower at the Beijing Olympics, Adam Kreek was named Athlete Leader of the Year at the Canadian Sports Awards.
Diagnosed as a child, Kreek says that ADHD is not all negative but that it confers positive energy as well. He says that although he had trouble concentrating as a child, he found that rowing helped him to channel his excess energy. He speaks publicly about the disorder because he wants to debunk the myths surrounding it.
Major League baseball player Scott Eyre was noticeably fidgety during all of his games. The coach took note of this and suggested that he might want to get checked out for ADHD. The condition was confirmed, and Eyre started taking medication. He has not looked back. He says that he is learning skills such as concentration that he has never known before. He has gone public with his diagnosis
Four times Tour de France winner, Greg LeMond, realised that he had ADHD when he took his son to the paediatrician to test for ADHD. He says that he was a disruptive force at school and battled to pass but that later in life he found that intense exercise helped him to open his brain to learning.
US Olympic gymnast, Simone Biles, took four gold medals at the Rio Olympics. Diagnosed as a child, she has medicated ever since.
Following her win at Rio, hackers published confidential medical information, trying to undermine her credentials. She turned the tables in them by coming out and standing up for the right of people with ADHD to medicate and compete.
One of the greatest basketball players of all time, Michael Jordan, is also a very successful businessman earning millions of dollars through investments and sneaker sales. His wealth is estimated at 1.9 billion US dollars. He was once rated by Forbes as one of the top twenty most influential people in the world. Many still consider Michael Jordan to be the greatest athlete of all time.
Baseball great, Pete Rose, has only recently been diagnosed with ADHD and yet he has been plagued by the condition since childhood. He also became entangled in a gambling addiction that cost him his career.
His mental health problems are described in his book “Pete Rose; My Prison Without Bars” which he co-wrote with Rick Hill.
Without doubt, Pete Rose was an all-time great holding several records and awards for the game he loved. There are still many baseball fans who believe that he should be reinstated and elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.
Hall of Fame footballer, Terry Bradshaw, is one of the greatest quarterbacks in the NFL. He almost didn’t make it to the top of his game. He had battled through school and during his first years of playing football, his teammates sidelined him regarding him as dumb.
In 1974 Bradshaw showed his true colors, leading his team to a Super Bowl victory. In just six years he had won four Super Bowl titles.
He is now a gospel singer, actor, football commentator and motivational speaker. He has also written a number of bestselling books. He revealed his ADHD status in his book “Keep it Simple”.
Babe Ruth, one of the world’s greatest baseball players, spent most of his formative years behind the walls of a reform school, where his parents had put him to keep him out of trouble. He was hyperactive and difficult to control a likely symptom of ADHD.
He wrote in his autobiography “Looking back on my boyhood, I honestly don’t remember being aware of the difference between right and wrong”. Many believe that his superlative batting performance was also a result of the condition. One of his batting records accumulated between 1914 and 1935 remains unbroken in 2019.
The below are some historical figures that weren’t diagnosed with ADHD, however stories written about their lives and behaviour has led people to suspect they may have had ADHD.
- John F Kennedy (JFK) -The 35th President of the United States, John F Kennedy, is said to have had difficulties with reading and paying attention at school. Many historians believe that this charismatic president will have tested positive for ADHD and dyslexia if the tests were around in his time.
- Beethoven – found it difficult to play the violin and preferred to compose than to play. His instructor reported that he was a terrible composer.
- The Wright Brothers – The brothers Wilbur and Orville became internationally famous when they built the first successful aircraft. Imaginative and crafty boys, they started building machinery whilst still at high school. They didn’t finish high school but they read prodigiously. They are suspected to have had ADHD and possibly Asperger’s.
- Michelangelo – There have been claims for years that the self-absorbed and prolific artist had ADHD and possibly Asperger’s. He was described by his family as finding it difficult to apply himself but found total focus when it came to his work.
- Leonardo da Vinci – as brilliant as he was, Leonardo da Vinci is famous for losing interest in projects, leaving them half finished. In the 67 years that he worked, he only completed 17 of his paintings. It seems that he may have had a problem staying focused on the works in which he was no longer interested.
- Mozart – One of the world’s greatest musical genius had well documented mental health issues, not least of all Tourette’s syndrome. Tourette’s is known to co-exist with ADHD in around two-thirds of people with Tourette’s also having ADHD.
- Alexander Graham Bell – an engineer and scientist famous for inventing the telephone.
- Thomas Edison – Thomas Edison only started talking at the of four. When he started school teachers reported that he was too stupid to learn anything, yet he invented the lightbulb, the phonograph, and the cinematic camera. He registered 1093 patents during his lifetime.
- Benjamin Franklin – author, politician, scientist and inventor, Benjamin Franklin was one of the founding fathers of the US. He is credited with inventing bifocals, lightning rod and glass harmonica amongst others.
- Sir Isaac Newton – Isaac Newton performed poorly in grade school and yet he is one of the most influential scientists and mathematicians of all time. He formulated the laws of motions and gravitation. His writing would form the basis of physics for centuries to come.
- Louis Pasteur – Louis Pasteur did not do terribly well in junior school. He also failed at his first attempt to get a Degree in Science and Math. He subsequently overcame his academic problems to set the basis for vaccination, pasteurization and disease prevention.
- Abraham Lincoln – Largely self-taught through his school years, Abraham Lincoln became a lawyer, politician and finally president of the United States. Considered a brilliant thinker he is nonetheless believed to have had ADHD.
Making the best of it
There are so many famous and successful people with ADHD that you could almost conclude that having ADHD is a requirement for being successful. It certainly appears to be a benefit in many industries where energy, creativity, and thinking outside the box provide an advantage.
Whichever way you look at it these celebrities should serve as an inspiration for those who may be inclined to look at the worst aspects of ADHD. By harnessing their strengths and targeting their excess energy into their skills and talents, they have become the top of the fields and some of the most successful people in the world.